What is jizya tax in Mughal Empire?
jizyah, also spelled jizya, historically, a tax (the term is often incorrectly translated as a “head tax” or “poll tax”) paid by non-Muslim populations to their Muslim rulers.
What was the rate of jizya?
The rate of jizya that were fixed and implemented by the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, namely ‘Umar bin al-Khattab, during the period of his Khilafah, were small amounts: four dirhams from the rich, two dirhams from the middle class and only one dirham from the active poor who earned by working on wages, or …
What was jizya Class 7?
Jizya or jizyah is a per capita yearly taxation historically levied in the form of financial charge on permanent non-Muslim subjects of a state governed by Islamic law.
Who was introduced jizya tax?
Hint: The Jizya tax was initiated by Qutb-ud-din-Aibak. It was a per capita tax collected on a yearly basis. Complete Step by Step Answer: Jizya is a type of tax imposed on non-Muslim subjects who lived in states governed by Islamic law.
Which Mughal emperor abolished jizya and the pilgrim tax?
Jizya was abolished by the third Mughal emperor Akbar, in 1564. It was finally abolished in 1579. However, Aurangzeb, the sixth emperor, re-introduced and levied jizya on non-Muslims in 1679.
Who introduced jizya tax first?
The Jizya tax was first started by the founder of the Mamluk dynasty, Qutb-ud-din Aibak. It was a main source of Income along with kharja (also sometimes known as land tax) for some of the Islamic polities.
WHO has imposed jizya tax?
In India , Islamic rulers Qutb-ud-din Aibak imposed jizya on non- Muslims first time which was called kharaj-o-jizya. Jizya was abolished by the Mughal ruler Akbar in the 16th century but was re-introduced by Aurangzeb in the 17th century.
Who exempted from jizya tax?
Only mentally sound, free and adult males would pay this tax and they were known as Dhimmis. Handicaps, women, children, elders, unhealthy monks, hermits and monks were exempted from paying Jizya. Also, the dhimmis who had joined the military were also not required to pay this tax.