What was happening in Turkey 1923?
Under the Treaty of Lausanne, signed in 1923, Eastern Anatolia became part of modern-day Turkey, in exchange for Turkey’s relinquishing Ottoman-era claims to the oil-rich Arab lands. Negotiations were undertaken during the Conference of Lausanne. İsmet İnönü was the chief negotiator for Turkey.
What happened in Turkey 3000 years ago?
About 3,000 years ago the country now known as Turkey was divided into several kingdoms. Subsequently, both Asian and European Turkey were conquered by the Persians, who in turn were driven out by the Macedonian Alexander the Great in 333 B.C. After the death of Alexander several small kingdoms rose and fell in Turkey.
What was Ataturk’s legacy in Turkey?
In Turkey of mid to late 1990s Ataturk was a fatigued character. A whole political system had been built on (and a whole lot of misdoings had been hidden behind) his legacy since his death and it was so used up that it had turned into a boring name to hear.
What was Ataturk’s role in WW1?
Atatürk came to prominence for his role in securing the Ottoman Turkish victory at the Battle of Gallipoli (1915) during World War I. Following the defeat and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish National Movement, which resisted mainland Turkey’s partition among the victorious Allied powers.
Are “Ataturk’s own words” the best ever about Gallipoli?
Kevin Andrews, the Australian defence minister, opened a recent international Gallipoli symposium in Canberra with “Ataturk’s own words”. A British conference speaker observed that the words have become the single most frequently quoted piece of writing about Gallipoli and were mentioned at least four times on one day alone at the conference.
Was Ataturk’s “Johnnies and the Mehmets” ever written?
There is no evidence, beyond the 1953 interview with Kaya himself, that what we know as Ataturk’s purported “Johnnies and the Mehmets” words were ever written of spoken by the leader, Kaya or anyone else in 1934, 1931 or, indeed, any other time up until the Turkish president’s death in 1938.