Where are Turkic languages predominant?
States in which Turkic languages are spoken include Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, northern Cyprus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Romania, Lithuania, and, because of recent industrial migration, several western European countries …
Where did the Turkish language come from?
Modern Turkish is the descendant of Ottoman Turkish and its predecessor, so-called Old Anatolian Turkish, which was introduced into Anatolia by the Seljuq Turks in the late 11th century ce. Old Turkish gradually absorbed a great many Arabic and Persian words and even grammatical forms and was written in Arabic script.
What was the language of Ottoman Empire?
Ottoman Turkish is the variety of the Turkish language that was used in the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Turkish was based on Anatolian Turkish and used in the Ottoman Empire for administrative and literary language between 1299 to 1923. It is not a spoken language.
Why did the Turkish government order the Turkish language to be written in Roman letters?
The Turkish writer Şerif Mardin has noted that “Atatürk imposed the mandatory Latin alphabet in order to promote the national awareness of the Turks against a wider Muslim identity. He armed the nation with the new Turkish alphabet.”
Where did the Turkic people migrate to?
Turkic migration refers to the expansion of the Turkic tribes and Turkic languages into Central Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East, mainly between the 6th and 11th centuries. The region of origin of the Turkic peoples is Mongolia, southern Siberia, Xinjiang and East Central Asia.
What is the history of the Turkish language?
The Persian language became the official language of government, which had an important impact on the evolution of the Turkish language as well. During the 11th century, the Turks gradually migrated towards Anatolia, a territory controlled by the Byzantine empire.
Is Mongolia the homeland of the early Turkic language?
Similarly several linguists, including Juha Janhunen, Roger Blench and Matthew Spriggs, suggest that Mongolia is the homeland of the early Turkic language. According to Robbeets, the Turkic people descend from people who lived in a region extending from present-day South Siberia and Mongolia to the West Liao River Basin (modern Manchuria ).
What is the origin of the Turkic religion?
Origins and early expansion. Later Turkic peoples include the Karluks (mainly 8th century), Uyghurs, Kyrgyz, Oghuz (or Ğuz) Turks, and Turkmens. As these peoples founded states in the area between Mongolia and Transoxiana, they came into contact with Muslims, and most of them gradually adopted Islam.